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ONLINE BOOK In Distant Lands: A Short History Of The Crusad

 
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MessagePosté le: Mar 27 Juin - 08:17 (2017)    Sujet du message: ONLINE BOOK In Distant Lands: A Short History Of The Crusad Répondre en citant


In Distant Lands: A Short History of the Crusades
by Lars Brownworth



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In the late fall of 1095 Pope Urban II gave a speech in Clermont, France and set all of Europe into motion. As many as a hundred and fifty thousand people eventually responded to the call, leaving everything they knew behind to undertake what appeared to be a fool’s mission: marching several thousand miles into enemy territory to reconquer Jerusalem for Christendom. Against all odds they succeeded, creating a Christian outpost in the heart of the Islamic world that lasted for the better part of two centuries.
Perhaps no other period in history is as misunderstood as the Crusades, and in this fast-paced account Brownworth presents the entire story, from the first clash of Christendom and Islam in the dusty sands of Yarmouk, to the fall of the last crusader state. Along the way he introduces the reader to an exotic world peopled by mighty emperors, doomed Templars, grasping generals, and ambitious peasants. Some of the most famous names of the Middle Ages - Richard the Lionheart, Saladin, Eleanor of Aquitaine, and the legendary Prester John - illuminate this era of splendor, adventure, and faith.






In Distant Lands: A Short History of the Crusades Lars Brownworth






In 1239 Count Thibault of Champagne crusaded in the East with a minimum of military actionWhether we admire the Crusaders or not, it is a fact that the world we know today would not exist without their efforts886-908 Ten German bishops killed in battlesOn the other hand, Christianity was spread in a violent, militaristic manner, and the result was that new areas of possible trade turned into new areas of conquest and bloodshedIndeed, they believed it was a righteous deed, since the Jews' money could be used to fund the Crusade to Jerusalem

^ Asbridge 2004, pp.6566^ Konstam 2004, p.133It ended abruptly when Louis died in Tunisia during the summer of 1270From the safe distance of many centuries, it is easy enough to scowl in disgust at the CrusadesRather than surrender, the Jews inside decided to kill themselvesThe combined Muslim forces dealt a humiliating defeat to the Crusaders, decisively ending the Second Crusade; Nur al-Din would add Damascus to his expanding empire in 1154Both are willing to suffer enormous sacrifice, provided that it is in the service of something they hold dear, something greater than themselves

This also was a revolt against one of the worst gaps in the more polished civilization of the SaracensThe situation had become direA mob broke into the home of a recently deceased agent of Aaron, sacked the premisses and killed his widow and childrenGodfrey of Bouillon is named defender of the Holy Sepulcher and ruler of JerusalemThe new pope Leo IV (r.847-855) ordered Romes walls to be rebuilt and refurbished, and had them extended to protect the Vatican hillTyermans history then points out, as Hanson then succinctly summarizes, that it was not merely glory or money or excitement that drove Westerners of all classes and nationalities to risk their lives in a deadly journey to an inhospitable east, but rather a real belief in a living God and their own desire to please him through preserving and honoring the birth and death places of his sonBetween 1130 and 1170, the Almohads, a Berber family from Morocco who promoted a puritanical and fundamentalist brand of Islam, ousts Almoravid rulers of north Africa and SpainBeginning about 800, several centuries of Viking raids disrupted life in northern Europe and even threatened Mediterranean citiesFor variations on this theme, one need not look far 171bf2437f



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